Clovers


Subclover

SF Tammin

Tammin is a more persistent early flowering variety for cropping rotations in low-medium rainfall (300-450 mm annual average rainfall) areas with the novel traits of seedling resistance to redlegged earth mites (RLEM) and much higher hardseededness than other cultivars.


SF Narrikup

SF Narrikup is a very vigorous mid-late season subterraneum clover (ssp. subterraneum), flowering approximately 126 days from an early May sowing in Perth


SF Rosabrook

SF Rosabrook was developed by the National Annual Pasture Legume Improvement Program (NAPLIP) as a replacement for cv.Denmark with improved cotyledon tolerance to Red-Legged Earth Mite (RLEM).


SF Rouse

Rouse is a mid to late flowering variety of the waterlogging-tolerant “white-seeded” yanninicum subspecies of sub clover. It is suited to soils prone to waterlogging in areas with 550-900 mm annual rainfall and where the growing season extends to mid-late November.


SF Yanco

SF Yanco is a mid-season yanninicum sub-clover providing a new and improved replacement for Riverina, Trikkala and Monti. It is well adapted to moderately acidic (pH CaCI2 4.5-6.5) soils prone to waterlogging and to loamy and clay soils with good water retention. It is highly resistant to both Race 1 and 2 of clover scorch (Kabatiella caulivora) and that coupled with its outstanding seeding ability, ensures highest autumn-winter forage yields and high total yields. SF Yanco is suitable for permanent and semi-permanent pastures. It can be used in cropping rotations, but at least two years of pasture are required between crops. Its upright, vigorous growth makes it suited to hay and silage production, as well as to grazing by cattle or sheep.


Trikkala

Trikkala is a mid-season (112 days to flower) variety, with low hard seed levels, of the waterlogging-tolerant “white-seeded” yanninicum subspecies of sub clover. It is generally suited to areas with a minimum of 450mm annual rainfall, an approximate minimum 6 month growing season. It is well adapted to moderately acidic (pH CaCI2 4.5-6.5), loamy and clay soils with good water retention, poor drainage and areas subject to intermittent waterlogging. Trikkala’s formononetin level is very low. Trikkala was not selected for Red Legged Earth Mite tolerance. Trikkala is suitable for permanent and semi-permanent pastures. Released in 1976, Trikkala offered a low formononetin alternative to Yarloop. Since then other mid-season Yanninicum varieties have been released, with different levels of hard seed, disease resistance and productivity, eg Yanco.

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Gosse

Gosse is a mid-season (126 days to flower) variety, with moderate hard seed levels, of the “white-seeded” yanninicum subspecies of sub clover. It is generally suited to areas with a minimum of 500mm annual rainfall, an approximate minimum 7 month growing season. It is well adapted to moderately acidic (pH CaCI2 4.5-6.5), loamy and clay soils with good water retention, poor drainage and areas subject to intermittent waterlogging. Gosse’s formononetin level is very low. Gosse was not selected for Red Legged Earth Mite tolerance. Gosse is suitable for permanent and semi-permanent pastures. Registered in 1992, Gosse offered winter productivity benefits over Larissa. Since then other mid-season Yanninicum varieties have been released, with different levels of hard seed, disease resistance and productivity, eg. Rouse.

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Leura

Leura is a late-season (151 days to flower) variety, with very low hard seed levels, of the “black-seeded” subterraneum subspecies of sub clover. It is suited to areas with around 700mm annual rainfall, an approximate minimum 8 month growing season. It is well adapted to moderately acidic (pH CaCI2 4.5-6.5) soils performing best on well-drained, slightly acid soils. Leura’s formononetin level is very low. Leura was not selected for Red Legged Earth Mite tolerance. Leura is suitable for permanent and semi-permanent pastures. Released in 1991, Leura was a low formononetin alternative to Tallarook. Leura’s disease package and winter production was of benefit in some environments over other late varieties at the time of it’s release. Leura also made better use of very long seasons than other late varieties Mt Barker and Karridale at the time. Since then other late-season Subterraneum varieties have been released, with different levels of hard seed, disease resistance, productivity and red legged earth mite tolerance, eg. Rosabrook.

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Red Clover


SF Rossi

SF Rossi is a diploid red clover bred by RAGT in Europe. It has good first year production and improved pest and disease resistance to ensure improved second year yield.


White Clover


Casper

Casper white clover is an early variety with long and large leaflets. It shows strong winter productivity with high disease and pest resistance. Casper white clover has the ability to recover quickly from cutting and grazing, making it ideal for milk and meat production. 


SF Quest

SF Quest is a high yielding large leaf and highly stoloniferous white clover with good persistence under grazing. It is well suited to sowing in pasture mixes for beef and dairy grazing where white clover will persist. 


Grassland Sustain

'Grasslands Sustain' white clover was bred to break the negative relationship between yield potential and persistence, by combining medium—large leaf size with high stolon growing point density. It is expected to grow and persist well under a range of stock classes and management systems.

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Haifa

Haifa white clover is a highly productive winter active variety suited to rotational grazing systems in higher rainfall areas or under irrigation in Western Australia.

Haifa was selected for increased stolon density, (compared to a large leaved Ladino type), medium leaf size and increased winter activity. Haifa is an older variety that has been largely superseded by later releases, however it is a useful addition to a mix in the higher rainfall zones where winter activity is required.

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Paradana Clover


Balansa

Balansa clover (Trifolium michelianum) is a hairless, semi-erect annual legume. It is well adapted to most soils on which subterranean clover grows, has a high feed value and is palatable to livestock. This note describes the origin, management, cultivars, Victorian trial work results and fodder conservation of this species.

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Persian Clover


Shaftal

Shaftal is a soft-seeded, late maturing annual clover that is best suited to hay production. It has a semi-erect growth habit and is adaptable to various soil types, with tolerance to waterlogging and mild soil salinity. Shaftal is very palatable, highly digestible, and is well suited to multiple hay cuts, grazing or silage production. 

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Salt-Tolerant Clover


Neptune Messina

Neptune Messina is an annual pasture legume for saline and waterlogging prone soils. Best suited to winter-wet saltland areas of southern Australia and is recommended for grazing in combination with other pasture species.